Judo is a martial art that originated in Japan. While standing, Judo allows you to utilize leverage to throw your opponents onto their backs. The second element of Judo is groundwork, which is a form of wrestling. Its literal translation is "The Gentle Way", and it is based on the guiding principles of "jita kyoei" (mutual welfare and benefit) and "seiryoku zenyo" (maximum efficiency, minimum effort). Judo was founded in 1882 by a man named Jigoro Kano, who based Judo off of another martial art known as Jujitsu. Kano took the best elements of the different Jujitsu styles and combined them all to form the art of Judo. In 1964, Judo was recognized as an official event by the Olympic committee, and today, Judo is the most practiced martial art worldwide.